Among soccer players, creatine improved 5- and 15-meter sprint speeds. It has also been shown to improve sprint and jumping performance, which may be beneficial in a variety of team sports ( 12 , 13 ). Creatine supplements have been shown to enhance high intensity exercise performance by up to 15%.
What sports might benefit from creatine supplementation?
There is some good evidence that creatine might help modestly with sports that require sudden bursts of activity. Examples are sprinting or weightlifting. It may also increase muscle mass in some people. However, the evidence that creatine boosts stamina or performance in aerobic activity is mixed.
Do most athletes take creatine?
Creatine was first discovered in 1832 and can be traced back to the mid-1800s. Creatine is now widely used among recreational, collegiate, and professional athletes. Creatine is one of the most popular sports dietary supplements on the market, with more than $400 million in annual sales.
Who benefits from creatine supplements?
In older adults, creatine may boost brain function, protect against neurological diseases, and reduce age-related loss of muscle and strength ( 48 ). Despite such positive findings, more research is needed in young, healthy individuals who eat meat or fish regularly.
Is creatine safe for athletes?
Creatine is one of the most heavily researched supplements and is a safe product for athletes. There is no scientific evidence that the short- or long-term use of creatine monohydrate has detrimental effects on otherwise healthy individuals or among clinical populations who may benefit from creatine supplementation.
Does creatine affect you sexually?
Some body builders use creatine to help them lift more during their training to get better results. While there are anecdotal stories about how it lowers libido, no evidence exists as of yet that creatine has a negative (or positive) impact on a man’s sexual health.
Why is creatine not banned in sports?
Creatine is a naturally occurring acid that supplies the muscles with energy, and is believed to increase lean muscle mass, and help the body recover more quickly after exercise. Unlike other enhancement supplements, it is legal, and is not considered a performance enhancing drug by the World Anti-doping Authority.
Why is creatine controversial?
By some estimates, at least half of the athletes at last summer’s Olympics used creatine. The compound has not been outlawed by sports authorities because it is not considered a drug, but some people say it should be banned, arguing that it’s a performance-enhancing substance that may add an unfair advantage.
What are the negative effects of creatine?
Depending on who you ask, the suggested side effects of creatine may include:
- Kidney damage.
- Liver damage.
- Kidney stones.
- Weight gain.
- Muscle cramps.
- Digestive problems.
Does creatine make you faster?
Over time, your muscles will get bigger from this increased intensity. Creatine can help you sprint faster. Research has found that creatine supplementation can increase sprinting speeds. So if you want to get faster, supplementing with creatine can help.
When should I use creatine?
On workout days, research shows that it may be better to take creatine shortly before or after you exercise, rather than long before or after. On rest days, it may be beneficial to take it with food, but the timing is probably not as important as on exercise days.
Is creatine worth using?
Surveys indicate that 17-74% of athletes of various ages in a variety of sports use creatine supplements. Creatine supplementation has been shown to improve performance of brief (<30 s) high-intensity exercise, but there is limited evidence that it can enhance performance during exercise lasting longer than about 90 s.
How quickly does creatine work?
Research proves that a creatine loading phase can maximize your muscle stores within one week or less (2). This strategy involves taking 20 grams of creatine daily for 5–7 days to saturate your muscles rapidly, followed by 2–10 grams daily to maintain high levels (2, 6 ).
Is creatine bad for your heart?
Some research shows that taking creatine daily does not improve lung function. However, other research shows that taking creatine may improve lung function or exercise capacity. Heart failure and fluid build up in the body (congestive heart failure or CHF).
How Does creatine help build muscle?
Creatine also helps you gain muscle in the following ways: Boosted workload: Enables more total work or volume in a single training session, which is a key factor in long-term muscle growth ( 12 ). Improved cell signaling: Can increase satellite cell signaling, which aids muscle repair and new muscle growth ( 13 ).